1.   Short title


   2.   Interpretation


   3.   Establishment of National Food Control Board


   4.   Functions of the Board


   5.   Public analysts


   6.   Powers of authorized officer


   7.   Duties of councils


   8.   Particulars of ingredients


   9.   Warranty


   10.   Clean water supply


   11.   Premises used for food


   12.   Offences and penalties


   13.   Regulations


   14.   Presumptions


   15.   Exemption



Act 11, 1993,
Act 6, 2014.

An Act to ensure the provision of clean, safe and wholesome food to consumers.

[Date of Commencement: 3rd September, 1993]


1.   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Food Control Act.


2.   Interpretation

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "adulterate" means to make impure, usually in order to give a false value or to hide defects, by the addition of a foreign, inferior or inert substance, or by the removal or extraction of a valuable or necessary ingredient;

   "advertisement" includes any representation by any means for the purpose of promoting directly or indirectly the sale or disposal of any food;

   "article" includes-


   (a)   any food, and any labelling or advertising materials used in connection with food;


   (b)   anything used in the preparation, preservation, packaging or storing of any food;

   "authorized officer" means any health officer, or any suitably qualified person authorized in writing by the Permanent Secretary, or by a council with the approval of the Permanent Secretary, a police officer of or above the rank of sergeant, or a customs and excise officer, for the purposes of this Act, and for the purpose of taking samples under section 6 and sending them to a public analyst;

   "Board" means the National Food Control Board established under section 3 of this Act;

   "council" means:-


   (a)   a city council;


   (b)   a town council;


   (c)   a township authority; or


   (d)   a district council;

   "health officer" includes any health officer so appointed under the Public Health Act, any medical practitioner registered under the Botswana Health Professions Act, any health inspector, and any public health nurse employed by or so designated by the Minister;

   "food" means any animal product, fish, fruit, vegetable, condiment, beverage and any other substance whatever, in any form, state or stage of preparation which is intended or ordinarily used for human consumption, and includes any article produced, manufactured, sold or presented for use as food or drink for human consumption, including chewing gum, and any ingredient of such food, drink or chewing gum;

   "ingredient" means any substance, including a food additive used in the manufacture or preparation of a food, and present in the final product;

   "label" includes any tag, brand, mark, pictorial or other descriptive matter, written, printed, stencilled, marked, embossed or impressed on, or attached to, or included in, belonging to, or accompanying any food, or any package containing food;

   "nutrition officer" means a health officer who applies the science of nutrition to the promotion of health and the control of disease;

   "package" includes anything in which food is wholly or partly placed or packed and includes any basket, pail, tray, or receptacle of any kind, whether open or enclosed;

   "premises" includes any building or tent or other structure, permanent or otherwise, together with the land on which the same is situated and any adjoining land used in connection therewith, and for the purposes of sections 6 and 11, shall be deemed to include any street, open space, or place of public resort, and any vessel, bicycle or other vehicle, used for the sale, packaging, preparation, preservation, transport or storage of any article;

   "preparation" includes manufacture and any form of treatment of food, and "prepare" shall be construed accordingly;

   "public analyst" means any suitably qualified person appointed by the Minister to be a public analyst for the purposes of this Act;

   "sell" includes offer, advertise, keep, expose, display, transmit, convey, deliver, or prepare for sale or exchange, dispose of for any consideration whatsoever, or transmit, convey or deliver in pursuance of such sale, exchange, or disposal;

   "ship" includes boat or craft;

   "substance" includes any solid, liquid or gas;

   "wholesome" in relation to food means to be natural, clean, safe, good for health, and without any harmful or harmless adulterants, and not misrepresented in any respect.

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