1.   Short title


   2.   Interpretation


   3.   Delegation of powers


   4.   Waterworks area


   5.   Appointment of Water Authority




Duties and Powers of Water Authority


   6.   Water Authority to acquire rights to water and to construct and manage works for supplying water


   7.   Acquisition of existing waterworks


   8.   Duty of owner as to carrying on undertaking until date of acquisition


   9.   Information to be given, etc.


   10.   Minister may authorize entry of waterworks, etc.


   11.   Compensation, determination of disputes, etc.


   12.   How compensation to be paid


   13.   Power of Water Authority to lay waterworks in public places


   14.   Power of Water Authority on private land


   15.   Power of Water Authority to enter premises for inspection and to supervise proper use of water service


   16.   Power of Water Authority to curtail or withhold supply of water


   17.   Water Authority may prohibit use of water for specific purposes




Supply of Water by Water Authority


   18.   Power of Water Authority to supply water to premises


   19.   Manner of assessing charges for water supplied


   20.   Water Authority may prescribe charges, etc.


   21.   Power to authorize supply of water outside defined area




Offences and Supplementary


   22.   Injury, diversion, pollution


   23.   Misuse or waste of water


   24.   Altering service


   25.   Fraudulent measurement


   26.   Water used other than for purpose supplied


   27.   Erection of buildings and structures over mains or pipes prohibited without permission of Water Authority


   28.   Supply of water by certain persons prohibited


   29.   Accumulations likely to enter waterworks


   30.   Bathing, washing in waterworks


   31.   Inspection of Water Authority's affairs by Government officials


   32.   Regulations



Law 26, 1961,
Law 3, 1962,
G.N. 74, 1962,
HMC Order 1, 1963,
L.N. 84, 1966,
Act 54, 1969,
Act 56, 1970,
Act 70, 1970,
Act 16, 1983.

An Act to provide for the constitution of water authorities in townships, to confer certain duties and powers upon such water authorities, to provide for the acquisition of existing waterworks and to provide for matters incidental thereto.

[Date of Commencement: 5th March, 1962]

Preliminary (ss 1-5)


1.   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Waterworks Act.


2.   Interpretation

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "date of acquisition" means the appointed date for the acquisition of an undertaking in terms of section 7(1);

   "land" does not include buildings or land underneath buildings;

   "meter" means an apparatus for measuring water and any meter box, meter box cover and indicator marking the position and size of such meter;

   "occupier" means any person in occupation of the premises or any part of the premises in connection with which the word is used;

   "owner" means the person for the time being receiving the rent of the premises in connection with which the word is used whether on his own account or as agent or trustee for any other person or the person who would receive the rent if the premises were let to a tenant;

   "premises" includes land, buildings and structures;

   "service" means all pipes, cisterns, cocks, fittings and other appliances (excepting any meter as herein defined) through which water flows or is intended to flow from the waterworks or which are or may be used for the purpose of supplying any premises from the waterworks;

   "undertaking" means any business for the supply of water to the public;

   "Water Authority" means, in relation to any waterworks area, the authority appointed under section 5 in respect of that waterworks area;

   "waterworks" means reservoirs, dams, weirs, tanks, cisterns, tunnels, adits, wells, boreholes, filters, settling tanks, purifying plants, conduits, aqueducts, mains, pipes, foundations, stand-pipes, hydrants, taps, pumps, engines and all other structures and appliances for obtaining, storing, purifying, conveying, distributing, measuring or regulating water;

   "waterworks area" means an area declared as a waterworks area and defined under section 4.


3.   Delegation of powers

   All or any of the powers and duties conferred or imposed on a Water Authority under this Act may, subject to the Water Authority's control, be exercised and performed by the officers, servants and agents thereof, and all references in this Act to a Water Authority shall be construed accordingly.


4.   Waterworks area

   The Minister may, by statutory instrument, declare any area in which an undertaking exists or in which he considers that a public water supply should be established to be a waterworks area for the purposes of this Act and shall define the boundaries of such area.


5.   Appointment of Water Authority

   The Minister shall by notice published in the Gazette appoint a Water Authority for every waterworks area.

Duties and Powers of Water Authority (ss 6-17)


6.   Water Authority to acquire rights to water and to construct and manage works for supplying water

   (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a Water Authority shall for the purpose of securing an adequate supply of water to the inhabitants of the waterworks area acquire rights to take water, and construct, make, purchase, expropriate or take over, and manage, beyond as well as within the limits of the waterworks area, all such waterworks as may in the opinion of the Water Authority be necessary and expedient for the purpose of taking, impounding, appropriating, storing, conveying or supplying such water, and shall construct, make, purchase, expropriate or take over, and manage, such premises and servitudes as it may deem requisite for the purpose of such waterworks.

   (2) No property of any description, or interest therein or right thereover, shall be expropriated or taken over in terms of this section by a Water Authority without the agreement of every person entitled to such property, interest or right unless it is expropriated or taken over in the interests of public health or in order to secure the development or utilization of any property for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1).

   (3) Where any property is expropriated or taken over without such agreement adequate compensation shall be promptly payable by the Water Authority and any dispute as to the interest or right of any person in or over the said property, the legality of the expropriation or taking over, or the amount of any compensation to which any person may be entitled by reason thereof shall be determined in accordance, mutatis mutandis, with the provisions of the Acquisition of Property Act, and for the purpose of such determination and for the purpose of obtaining prompt payment of compensation any person having an interest in or right over the property shall have all the rights of access to the High Court provided in the said Act.

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