FORENSIC PROCEDURES

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

   SECTION

PART I
Preliminary

   1.   Short title

   2.   Interpretation

PART II
Procedure for The Ordering and Carrying Out of Forensic Procedures

   3.   Ordering of forensic procedure

   4.   Consent of suspect to forensic procedure

   5.   Procedure for giving of consent to forensic procedure

   6.   Withdrawal of consent to forensic procedure

   7.   Regulations on medical standards

   8.   Court order for forensic proceduer

   9.   Forensic procedure on child or incapable person

   10.   Forensic procedure on serious offender

   11.   Forensic procedure on volunteer

   12.   Intimate forensic procedure on child or incapable person

   13.   Assistance during forensic procedure

PART III
Handling of Forensic Material After Forensic Procedure

   14.   Availability of forensic material to suspect

   15.   Results of forensic procedure

   16.   Retention and storage of forensic material or information

   17.   Management of forensic material

   18.   Retention of electronic record

PART IV
Admissibility of Evidence

   19.   Forensic evidence obtained properly

   20.   Inadmissibility of material due to be destroyed

   21.   Evidence relating to consent

   22.   Evidence relating to carrying out of forensic procedure

PART V
Access to and Use of Information on National DNA Database System

   23.   Establishment of DNA Database

   24.   Accessing NDD

   25.   Appointment of authorised officers

   26.   Removal of information from NDD

   27.   Matching of profiles

PART VI
Establishment of National DNA Database Advisory Board

   28.   Establishment of Board

   29.   Functions and powers of Board

   30.   Membership of Board

   31.   Disqualification of member

   32.   Removal and resignation of member

   33.   Meetings of Board

   34.   Remuneration

   35.   Disclosure of interest

   36.   Confidentiality

PART VII
General

   37.   Designation of laboratories, etc.

   38.   Disclosure of information

   39.   Liability for forensic procedures

   40.   Offences and penalties

   41.   Access with intent to commit an offence

   42.   Unauthorised interference with data

   43.   Unauthorised interference with computer or computer system

   44.   Unlawful interception of data

   45.   Sharing of information by Minister

   46.   Regulations

   47.   Transitional provisions

Act 31, 2014,
S.I. 142, 2014.

AN ACT to provide for the procedures for obtaining forensic material; the retention, storage and disposal of forensic material and the use of forensic material for scientific analysis during criminal or other investigations; the establishment of National DNA database system and National DNA database Advisory Board and connected matters.

[Date of Commencement: 1st January, 2015]

PART I
Preliminary (ss 1- 2)

1.   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Forensic Procedures Act.

2.   Interpretation

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

   “authorised applicant” means—

   (a)   the police officer in charge of a police station;

   (b)   the police officer investigating the crime in relation to which the forensic procedure is required; or

   (c)   the Director of Public Prosecutions;

   “authorised person” means —

   (a)      a person registered as a medical practitioner or health care professional under the Cap. 61:02 Botswana Health Professions Act;

   (b)      scene of crime officer;

   (c)      forensic officer;

   (d)      wildlife expert; or

   (e)      any other expert who collects forensic material;

   “Board” means the National DNA Database Advisory Board of Botswana established under section 23;

   “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Police;

   “consent” means informed consent;

   “child” means a person under the age of 18 years;

   “DNA” means Deoxyribonucleic acid;

   “forensic material” means —

   (a)   a sample taken from —

      (i)   a person’s body,

      (ii)   a crime scene,

      (iii)   items linked to a crime, or

      (iv)   a scene or items linked to a scene

   (b)   a handprint, fingerprint, footprint or toe-print taken of a person from a crime scene or items linked to the crime or any other place linked to the matter under investigation;

   (c)   a photograph or video recording of—

      (i)   a person at a crime scene or any other scene,

      (ii)   a crime scene or any other scene,

      (iii)   items linked to the crime or any matter under investigation, or

      (iv)   items linked to the crime scene or any other scene;

   (d)   an audio recording; or

   (e)   a cast or impression taken from a person;

   “forensic procedure” means any process or action necessary for, and related to the collection of forensic material;

   “intimate forensic procedure” means—

   (a)   an external examination of the—

      (i)   genital area,

      (ii)   anal area,

      (iii)   buttocks, or

      (iv)   breasts, in the case of a female;

   (b)   the internal examination of any part of the body;

   (c)   the taking of a sample of blood or urine;

   (d)   the taking of a sample of pubic hair;

   (e)   the taking from a corpse a sample of —

      (i)   tissue,

      (ii)   the liver,

      (iii)   the kidney,

      (iv)   the heart,

      (v)   the lungs,

      (vi)   the brain, or

      (vii)   any other internal organ;

   (f)   the taking of a sample by swab or washing from the —

      (i)   genital area,

      (ii)   anal area, or

      (iii)   buttocks;

   (g)   the taking of a sample by —

      (i)   vacuum suction,

      (ii)   scraping, or

      (iii)   lifting by tape,

   from the genital area, anal area or buttocks

   (h)   the taking of a dental impression; or

   (i)   the taking of a photograph of, or an impression or cast of, a wound from —

      (i)   the genital area,

      (ii)   the anal area,

      (iii)   the buttocks, or

      (iv)   the breasts, in the case of a female;

   “incapable person” means a person who is unable to give consent for the performance of a forensic procedure on his or her body because of immaturity or unsoundness of mind;

   “investigating officer” means the police officer in charge of an investigation into the commission of an offence in relation to which a forensic procedure is carried out or proposed to be carried out;

   “member” means member of the Board appointed in accordance with section 30;

   “non-intimate forensic procedure” means —

   (a)   an examination of any part of the body, other than —

      (i)   the genital area,

      (ii)   the anal area,

      (iii)   the buttocks, or

      (iv)   the breasts, in the case of a female,

   that requires touching of the body or the removal of clothing;

   (b)   the taking of fingerprints;

   (c)   the taking of a sample —

      (i)   of hair other than pubic hair,

      (ii)   from a nail or under a nail,

      (iii)   of saliva or a sample by buccal swab,

      (iv)   by vacuum suction,

      (v)   by scraping or by lifting by tape from any external part of the body, other than the genital or anal areas, the buttocks or, the breasts, in the case of a female; or

      (vi)   by swab or washing from any external part of the body, other than the genital area, the anal area, the buttocks, or the breasts, in the case of a female; or

   (d)   the taking of a photograph of, or an impression or cast of a wound from, any part of the body other than—

      (i)   the genital area,

      (ii)   the anal area,

      (iii)   the buttocks, or

      (iv)   the breasts, in the case of a female;

   “serious offender” means a person who is charged with an offence which is punishable by —

   (a)   a term of imprisonment of three or more years;

   (b)   imprisonment for life; or

   (b)   death;

   “suspect” means —

   (a)   a person who is charged with an offence;

   (b)   a child or incapable person charged with an offence;

   (c)   a person who is summoned to appear before a court for an offence under this Act; or

   (d)   a person who is believed on reasonable grounds to have committed an offence; and

   “volunteer” means —

   (a)   a person who volunteers to a police officer to undergo a forensic procedure; or

   (b)   a suspect who is a child or incapable person whose parent or guardian volunteers to a police officer on the child or incapable person’s behalf, to undergo a forensic procedure.

PART II
Procedure for the ordering and carrying out of forensic procedures (ss 3- 13)

3.   Ordering of forensic procedure

   (1) An investigating officer may order, in writing,

   (a)   the performance of an intimate forensic procedure on a suspect;

   (b)   the performance of a non-intimate forensic procedure on a suspect; or

   (c)   the collection of forensic material of the nature of a photograph, video recording, audio recording or by other legal means, of a suspect, crime scene or items linked to a crime.

   (2) An investigating officer who orders the performance of a nonintimate forensic procedure or the collection of forensic material on a suspect under subsection (1), shall —

   (a)   record —

      (i)   the date and time the order was made, and

      (ii)   the reasons for making the order;

   (b)   sign the record made under paragraph (a); and

   (c)   make or cause to be made available a copy of the record made under paragraph (a) to the suspect before the forensic procedure is carried out.

4.   Consent of suspect to forensic procedure

   (1) On receipt of a record made under section 3, a suspect may consent to th

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