1.   Short title

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Application of Act

   4.   Exemptions, exclusions and clearance

Radiation Protection Board

   5.   Establishment of Board

   6.   Disqualification, removal and resignation

   7.   Appointment, etc. to be notified in the Gazette

   8.   Tenure of office of member

   9.   Filling of vacancies

   10.   Secretariat to Board

   11.   Functions and powers of Board

   12.   Meetings and proceedings of Board

   13.   Disclosure of interest

   14.   Co-option of advisory personnel to Board

   15.   Remuneration of members

   16.   Confidentiality

   17.   Appointment of committees


   18.   Establishment of Inspectorate

   19.   Functions of Inspectorate

   20.   Functions of Director

   21.   Appointment of Radiation Inspectors

   22.   Powers of entry and inspection


   23.   Application for licence

   24.   Conditions of licence

   25.   Renewal of licence

   26.   Re-application for licence

   27.   Variation, suspension or revocation of licence

   28.   Appeals

   29.   Duties of licensee and staff

   30.   Death of licensee

   31.   Radioactive waste

   32.   Radiological work


   33.   Powers of Minister

   34.   Protection of members and officers

   35.   Offences and penalties

   36.   Regulations

   37.   Transitional provisions

Act 22, 2006,
Act 10, 2007,
Act 10, 2008,
Act 8, 2008.

An Act to provide for the safe uses of atomic energy and nuclear technology and for matters incidental thereto.

[Date of Commencement: 1st April, 2007]

Preliminary (ss 1-4)

1.   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Radiation Protection Act.

2.   Interpretation

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "accident" means any unintended event, including operating errors, equipment failures or other mishaps, the consequences or potential consequences of which are not negligible from the point of view of protection or safety;

   "atomic energy" means ionizing radiation emitted as a result of electronic or nuclear transitions in an atom;

   "Board" means the Radiation Protection Board established under section 5;

   "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the Board;

   "Director" means the Director of the Inspectorate, appointed under section 18;

   "dose limit" means the value of the effective dose or the equivalent dose to individuals from controlled practices that may not be exceeded;

   "exposure" means any act or condition of being subject to radiation;

   "ionizing radiation", for the purposes of radiation protection, means radiation capable of producing ion pairs in a biological material;

   "licence" means a licence granted under section 23;

   "licensee" means the holder of a licence granted under section 23;

   "medical practitioner" means a medical practitioner registered as a medical practitioner under the Botswana Health Professions Act.

   "member" means a member of the Board;

   "Minister" means the Minister of Communications, Science and Technology or any other Minister to whom the President may, from time to time, assign the administration of this Act;

   "practice" means any human activity that introduces additional sources of exposure, or exposure pathways or extends exposure to additional people, from an existing source, so as to increase the exposure or the likelihood of exposure of people or the number of people exposed;

   "radiation equipment" means equipment or machinery associated with the use or operation of a radiation source, and includes the radiation source itself and any structure used to support or shield the equipment, machinery or radiation source;

   "radiation generator" means a device capable of generating radiation, such as X-rays, neutrons, electrons or other charged particles, which may be used for scientific, industrial or medical purposes;

   "Radiation Inspector" means a person appointed as a Radiation Inspector under section 21;

   "Radiation Safety Officer" means an officer appointed under section 29;

   "Radiation Waste Management Officer" means an officer appointed under section 31;

   "radiation worker" means a person potentially exposed to ionizing radiation as a result of his or her occupation;

   "radioactive material" means any material emitting ionizing radiation above the levels provided for under section 4;

   "radioactive substance" means a substance that contains one or more radionuclides of which the activity or the concentration cannot be disregarded as far as radiation protection is concerned;

   "radioactive waste" means any material that contains or is contaminated with radionuclides at concentrations or radioactivity levels greater than the exempt quantities, or quantities prescribed by the Minister and for which no use is foreseen;

   "radiological work" means work involving the use of radioactive materials or other radiation generators or sources capable of emitting ionizing radiation;

   "sealed source" means a radiation source consisting of a radioactive substance enclosed in enclosures or arranged in such other way that there is no risk of the substance being liberated or becoming accessible to direct contact during normal use;

   "source" means anything that may cause radiation exposure such as by emitting ionizing radiation or releasing radioactive substances or materials; and

   "transport" means transport of any source by-

   (a)   any vessel or boat within the territorial waterways of the Republic of Botswana;

   (b)   any aircraft within the airspace of the Republic of Botswana; or

   (c)   any means of land transport.

3.   Application of Act

   (1) This Act shall apply to any person or body of persons whose undertaking involves or includes generally the use of atomic energy and nuclear technology and, in particular, the production, processing, handling, use, holding, possessing, storage, transport and disposal of natural and artificial radioactive materials and radiation devices in respect of any other activity which involves a risk or harm arising from radiation.

   (2) This Act binds the State.

4.   Exemptions, exclusions and clearance

   (1) This Act shall not apply to any material or use of any material which may be exempted by the Regulations.

   (2) This Act shall not apply to ionizing radiation generators of a type approved by the Board or any electronic tubes such as cathode ray tubes for the display of visual images, provided that-

   (a)   such generators or electronic tubes do not cause in any normal operating conditions an ambient dose equivalent rate or a directional dose equivalent rate exceeding such dose as may be prescribed by the Minister; or

   (b)   the maximum radiation energy produced by such generators or electronic tubes is not greater than the minimum radiation energy prescribed by the Minister.

   (3) Sources including substances, materials and articles within notified or authorized practices may be exempted from further requirements of this Act subject to complying with clearance levels approved by the Board.

   (4) Any exposure whose magnitude or likelihood is essentially unamenable to control through the requirements of this Act is deemed to be excluded from the application of this Act.

   (5) Upon the recommendation of the Board or for any reason that he or she may consider to be necessary, the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt from the operation of any of the provisions of this Act any person using any material which contains radioactive substances of more than the prescribed limits.

Radiation Protection Board (ss 5-7)

5.   Establishment of Board

   (1) There is hereby established a Board, to be known as the Radiation Protection Board, which shall perform such functions as may be conferred on it by this Act or any other enactment.

   (2) The Board shall consist of a minimum of five and a maximum of seven members appointed by the Minister.

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