Broadcasting Regulations

Broadcasting (Fees) Regulations


(section 23)

(29th October, 2004)



   1.   Citation

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Ownership

   4.   Commencement of broadcasting service

   5.   Fairness in advertising

   6.   Scheduling of advertisements

   7.   Sponsorship of programmes

   8.   Infomercials

   9.   Harmful interference

   10.   Local content

   11.   Broadcasting standards

   12.   Protection of children

   13.   Accurate, fair and impartial reporting

   14.   Broadcast of unconfirmed reports

   15.   Correction of errors in broadcast

   16.   Reporting on controversial issues

   17.   Conduct of interviews


   19.   Invasion of privacy

   20.   Consent to broadcast

   21.   Sexual offences

   22.   Payment of criminals

   23.   Public notices of emergencies or public disaster announcements

   24.   Special event broadcast licence

   25.   External satellite feed

   26.   Broadcasts conducted without Board's authority

   27.   Amendment of licence conditions by Board

   28.   Amendment of licence conditions at request of licensee

   29.   Restrictions on dealing with foreign governments

   30.   Cable broadcasting

   31.   Community broadcasting

   32.   Commercial broadcasting

   33.   Public broadcasting

   34.   Complaints

   35.   Dispute resolution

   36.   General penalty

S.I. 97, 2004,
S.I. 21, 2010.

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Broadcasting Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "advertising" means the broadcasting of any item in return for payment or other valuable consideration to a broadcaster with the intention of-

   (a)   selling to a viewer or listener, any product or service;

   (b)   convincing a viewer or listener of a belief or course of action; or

   (c)   promoting a product, service, belief, course of action, person or organisation;

   "assigned frequency" means the center of the frequency band assigned to a broadcasting service;

   "Board" means the National Broadcasting Board established by section 3 of the Act;

   "broadcaster" means any person who composes or distributes television or radio programme services for reception by subscribers to such services or members of the public;

   "broadcasting licence" means a licence granted to a person and issued by the Board, for the purpose of providing a broadcasting service;

   "cable owner" means a person who owns or operates a cable network;

   "children" means persons who are below the age of 18 years;

   "commencement date" means the date on which a licensee commences the operation of a broadcasting service;

   "commercial broadcasting" means a broadcasting service which is operated for a profit, or which forms part of a profit-making entity;

   "coverage area" means the territory covered by a broadcasting station signal strength, allowing for clear reception, and includes an area specified in a broadcasting licence by the Board;

   "disaster" includes any event or circumstance arising out of accidents, natural phenomena, fires, floods, explosions, or incidents involving exposure or potential exposure to radioactive or toxic materials;

   "frequency band" means that part of the electromagnetic radio frequency spectrum which is allocated for the use of broadcasting services by the International Telecommunications Union, in so far as such allocation has been agreed to by the Government of Botswana;

   "harmful interference" means any interference which endangers the functioning of a radio communications service, or which seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts such a service;

   "infomercial" means any advertising broadcast in visual or audio form, lasting for more than two minutes, which may contain demonstrations of the use of the product or service advertised, entailing direct offers to the public in return for payment, and which results in the broadcaster receiving payment in monetary terms or otherwise;

   "local content" means the total of all television or radio programmes that have been produced using material gathered in Botswana, and which mostly use Batswana personnel and services in Botswana;

   "local market" means the area in which a licensee is licensed to operate;

   "national emergency organisations" include the police force, security forces, fire brigade, ambulance services, medical services, veterinarian services and environmental disaster agencies, whether or not such organisations are owned and managed on a private or public basis;

   "performance period" means the period between 6.00 a.m. and 12 midnight each day;

   "political party" means a party which is either registered or recognised as being legally exempt from the requirement of registration as a political party in Botswana;

   "programme", in relation to a broadcasting service, means visual information or sounds, or a combination of visual information and sounds, which inform, enlighten or entertain members of the public, and includes advertising or sponsorship material, whether of a commercial nature or not;

   "public notice of emergency service" means any service provided by the licensee alone, or in conjunction with any other person, by means of which emergency broadcasts are made free of charge by national emergency organisations;

   "radio licence" means a licence issued in terms of section 42 of the Telecommunications Act, to construct, operate and maintain a radio communications system;

   "satellite broadcasting service" means a broadcasting service which is broadcast by transmitters situated on a satellite;

   "signal" includes any signs, sounds, text, images, information or data of any configuration sent, or to be sent, for conveyance by a licensed system;

   "special event broadcast licence" means a broadcasting licence issued for an event that does not last for more than 7 days and which is broadcast-

   (a)   outside a licensee's coverage area; or

   (b)   in partnership with a foreign broadcaster;

   "sponsored programme" means a programme that has all or part of its costs paid by a sponsor, with a view to promoting that sponsor's, or another sponsor's name, product or service;

   "station format" means an arrangement of programmes which are presented on a broadcasting station;

   "subscriber" means a person who has entered into an agreement with a cable owner in relation to the reception of cable television broadcasts;

   "telecommunications" means any system of conveying signals, sounds, communications or other information through the agency of electric, magnetic, electro-magnetic, electro-chemical or electro-mechanical energy, or through the agency of radio waves;

   "terrestrial broadcasts" means the services that are broadcast from a transmitter situated upon the earth's surface within the country; and

   "territory" means the geographical area of Botswana.

3.   Ownership

   A person shall not own a television station and a radio station that serve the same local market.

4.   Commencement of broadcasting service

   (1) A licensee shall publish a notice in a newspaper, published and circulated in the licensee's local market, not later than seven days before commencing to transmit a broadcasting service from a broadcasting station.

   (2) A notice under subregulation (1) shall contain-

   (a)   a statement about the licensee's intention to transmit a broadcasting service from a station in the licensee's local market;

   (b)   the commencement date and time of transmissions;

   (c)   the assigned frequency that the station will use;

   (d)   the station format;

   (e)   a statement that members of the public should contact the licensee if any transmission by the licensee causes interference with the services provided by other licensees; and

   (f)   the address and telephone number of the licensee.

This section of the article is only available for our subscribers. Please click here to subscribe to a subscription plan to view this part of the article.

Please click here to login