FACTORIES: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

Establishment of Factories Advisory Board (No. 2) Order

Factories (Abstract of Act) Regulations

Factories (Application to Building Operations and Works of Engineering Construction) Order

Factories (Building Operations and Works of Engineering Construction) (Safety and Health) Regulations

Factories (Electricity) Regulations

Factories (Extension of Application of Provisions) (Hoists and Lifts) Order

Factories (First-Aid Equipment) Regulations

Factories (Metal Roofs and Walls) Regulations

Factories (Notification of Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences) Regulations

Factories (Notification of Industrial Diseases) Regulations

Factories (Plant Examination Fees) Regulations

Factories (Preparation of Steam Boilers) Regulations

Factories (Prescribed Forms) Regulations

Factories (Sanitary Accommodation) Regulations

Factories (Volatile Paint) Regulations

Factories (Woodworking) Regulations

FACTORIES (PREPARATION OF STEAM BOILERS) REGULATIONS

(under section 55)

(1st January, 1979)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

   REGULATION

   1.   Citation

   2.   Preparation of steam boilers for examination

S.I. 43, 1974.

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Factories (Preparation of Steam Boilers) Regulations.

2.   Preparation of steam boilers for examination

   Any person who desires that an examination of a steam boiler should be carried out for the purposes of section 37 of the Act shall provide such facilities for the examination of the interior and exterior of the boiler and for hammer testing, drilling, lifting, hydraulic testing, steam trial or other means of testing as may be required by the authorized boiler inspector carrying out the examination and, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, shall cause-

   (a)   the steam boiler to be thoroughly opened up and all flues and other parts to be thoroughly cleaned and scaled;

   (b)   all doors of manholes, mudholes and handholes to be taken off;

   (c)   brickwork, composition covering, firebars, fire bridges, tubes and stays to be removed to the extent required by the authorized boiler inspector; and

   (d)   all junction valves, feed valves, and safety valves to be taken apart and cleaned.

FACTORIES (ELECTRICITY) REGULATIONS

(under section 55)

(1st January, 1979)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

   REGULATION

   1.   Citation

   2.   Application of Regulations

   3.   Interpretation

   4.   Exemptions

   5.   Safety of installations

   6.   Conductors

   7.   Control gear

   8.   Switches and circuit-breakers

   9.   Fuses and automatic circuit-breakers

   10.   Joints and connections

   11.   Provision of means for cutting off voltage

   12.   Protection from excess current

   13.   Placing of single-pole switches

   14.   Earthing of bare metal conductors

   15.   Means of cutting off voltage from motors

   16.   Switches for control of electric motors

   17.   Portable apparatus

   18.   General arrangement of switchboards

   19.   Switchboards having exposed bare conductors

   20.   Placing of switchboard apparatus, etc.

   21.   Switchboard working platforms and passage-ways

   22.   Switchboards for high voltage or extra high voltage

   23.   Protection of high voltage and extra high voltage apparatus

   24.   Precautions against accidental charging above normal working voltage

   25.   Precautions against accidental charging of metal

   26.   Precautions against accidental charging of apparatus

   27.   Provision of insulating stands or screens

   28.   Provision and use of portable insulating devices

   29.   Safe working space and means of access

   30.   Lighting

   31.   Protection against exposure

   32.   Only authorized and competent persons to undertake certain work

   33.   Instructions as to treatment for electric shock

   34.   Construction, etc. of substations

   35.   Control of substations

   36.   Means of access to substations

   37.   Posting and distribution of Regulations

S.I. 44, 1974.

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Factories (Electricity) Regulations.

2.   Application of Regulations

   Except as hereinafter provided, these Regulations shall extend and apply to the generation, transformation, conversion, switching, controlling, regulating, distribution and use of electrical energy in any factory and in any premises, place, process, operation or work to which the provisions of Part VII of the Act, with respect to regulations for safety, health and welfare are applied by the Act, or by any order made thereunder.

3.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires-

   "apparatus" means electrical apparatus, and includes all apparatus, machines and fittings in which conductors are used, or of which they form a part;

   "authorized person" means-

   (a)   the occupier;

   (b)   a contractor for the time being under contract to the occupier; or

   (c)   a person employed, appointed or selected by the occupier or by a contractor as aforesaid, to carry out certain duties incidental to the generation, transformation, distribution or use of electrical energy,

      such occupier, contractor or person being a person who is competent for the purposes of the regulation in which the term is used;

   "bare" means not covered with insulating material;

   "circuit" means an electrical circuit forming a system or branch of a system;

   "conductor" means an electrical conductor arranged to be electrically connected to a system;

   "covered with insulating material" means adequately covered with insulating material of such quality and thickness so that there is no danger;

   "danger" means danger to health or danger to life or limb from shock, burn or other injury to persons employed, or from fire or explosion, attendant upon the generation, transformation, distribution or use of electrical energy;

   "dead" means at, or about, zero potential, and disconnected from any live system;

   "earthed" means connected to the general mass of earth in such a manner as will ensure at all times an immediate discharge of electrical energy without danger;

   "extra high voltage" means a voltage in a system normally exceeding 6,600 volts where the electrical energy is used or supplied;

   "extra low voltage" means a voltage in a system normally not exceeding 110 volts direct or 55 volts alternating where the electrical energy is used;

   "high voltage" means a voltage in a system normally above 650 volts but not exceeding 6600 volts, where the electrical energy is used or supplied;

   "insulating boots" means boots

of such size, quality and construction according to the circumstances of the use thereof that a person is thereby adequately protected from danger;
   "insulating gloves" means gloves
   "insulating screen" means a screen
   "insulating stand" means a floor, platform, stand or mat
   "live" means electrically charged;

   "low voltage" means a voltage in a system normally above 110 volts direct or 55 volts alternating but not exceeding 250 volts where the electrical energy is used or supplied;

   "medium voltage" means a voltage in a system normally above 250 volts, but not exceeding 650 volts, where the electrical energy is used or supplied;

   "public supply" means the supply of electrical energy to the premises of any person from outside those premises by the Botswana Power Corporation or by any person licensed under the Electricity Supply Act to generate electricity;

   "substation" means any premises or that part of any premises in which electrical energy is transformed or converted to or from voltage above medium voltage, except for the purpose of working instruments, relays or similar auxiliary apparatus, if such premises or part of the premises are large enough for a person to enter after the apparatus is in position;

   "switchboard" means the collection of switches or fuses, conductors and other apparatus in connection therewith, used for the purpose of controlling the current or voltage in any system or part of a system;

   "switchboard passage-way" means any passage-way or compartment large enough for a person to enter, and used in connection with a switchboard when live;

   "system" means an electrical system in which all the conductors or apparatus are electrically connected to a common source of electromotive force;

   "voltage" means the highest effective difference of the electrical potential between any two conductors, or between a conductor and earth.

4.   Exemptions

   (1) Nothing in regulations 6, 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34 and 36 shall apply to any system in which the voltage does not exceed extra low voltage unless on account of special circumstances the chief inspector gives notice to the occupier that this exemption does not apply.

   (2) Nothing in these Regulations shall apply to any service lines or apparatus on the supply side of the consumer's terminals, or to any chamber containing such service lines or apparatus, where the supply is from a public supply:

   Provided always that no live metal is exposed so that it may be touched and adequate precautions are taken to prevent danger.

   (3) If the occupier can show to the chief inspector, with regard to any requirement of these Regulations, that the special conditions in his premises are such as are adequate to prevent danger, that requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied; and the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, direct that any class of special conditions defined in the order shall be deemed for the purposes of all or any of the requirements of these Regulations adequate to prevent danger.

   (4) Nothing in these Regulations shall apply to any process or apparatus used exclusively for electro-chemical or electro-thermal or testing or research purposes, provided that such process is so worked and such apparatus is so constructed and protected and such special precautions are taken as may be necessary to prevent danger.

5.   Safety of installations

   All apparatus and conductors shall be sufficient in size and power for the work they are meant to do, and be so constructed, installed, protected, worked and maintained as to prevent danger as far as is practicable.

6.   Conductors

   All conductors shall either be covered with insulating material and further efficiently protected where necessary to prevent danger, or they shall be so placed and safeguarded as to prevent danger as far as is practicable.

7.   Control gear

   Every switch, switchfuse, circuit breaker and isolating link shall be-

   (a)   so constructed, placed or protected as to prevent danger;

   (b)   so constructed and adjusted accurately as to make and to maintain good contact;

   (c)   provided with an efficient handle or other means of working, insulated from the system, and so arranged that the hand cannot inadvertently touch live metal; and

   (d)   so constructed or arranged that it cannot accidentally fall or move into contact when left out of contact.

8.   Switches and circuit-breakers

   (1) Every switch intended to be used for breaking shall be so constructed that it cannot, with proper care, be left in partial contact; this applies to each pole or double-pole or multi-pole switches or circuit-breakers.

   (2) Every switch intended to be used for breaking a circuit and every circuit-breaker shall be constructed that an arc cannot accidentally be maintained.

9.   Fuses and automatic circuit-breakers

   (1) Every fuse, and every automatic circuit-breaker used instead thereof, shall be so constructed and arranged as effectively to interrupt the current before it so exceeds the working rate as to involve danger, and shall be of such construction or be so guarded or placed as to prevent danger from overheating, or from arcing or the scattering of hot metal or other substance when it comes into operation.

   (2) Every fuse shall be either of such construction or so protected by a switch that the fusable metal may be renewed without danger.

10.   Joints and connections

   Every electrical joint and connection shall be of proper construction as regards conductivity, insulation, mechanical strength and protection.

11.   Provision of means for cutting off voltage

   Efficient means, suitably located, shall be provided for cutting off all voltage from every part of a system, as may be necessary to prevent danger.

12.   Protection from excess current

   Efficient means, suitably located, shall be provided for protecting from excess current every part of a system as may be necessary to prevent danger.

13.   Placing of single-pole switches

   (1) Where one of the conductors of a system is connected to earth, no single-pole switch, other than a link for testing purposes or a switch for use in controlling a generator, shall be placed in such conductor or any branch thereof.

   (2) A switch or automatic or other cut-out may, however, be placed in the connection between the conductor and earth at the generating station, for use in testing and emergencies only.

14.   Earthing of bare metal conductors

   (1) Where one of the main conductors of a system is bare and uninsulated, such as a bare return of a concentric system, no switch, fuse or circuit-breaker shall be placed in that conductor, or in any conductor connected thereto, and the said conductor shall be earthed. (2) Nevertheless, switches, fuses and circuit-breakers may be used to break the connection with the generator or transformers supplying the power, provided that in the case of a bare conductor the connection of that conductor with earth is not thereby broken.

15.   Means of cutting off voltage from motors

   Every motor, converter and transformer shall be protected by efficient means suitably placed, and so connected that all voltage may thereby be cut off from the motor, converter or transformer, as the case may be, and from all apparatus in connection therewith:

   Provided, however, that where one point of the system is connected to earth there shall be no obligation to disconnect on that side of the system which is connected to earth.

16.   Switches for control of electric motors

   (1) Every electrical motor shall be controlled by an efficient switch or switches for starting and stopping so placed as to be easily worked by the person in charge of the motor.

   (2) In every place in which machines are being driven by any electrical motor there shall be means at hand for either switching off the motor or stopping the machines if necessary to prevent danger.

17.   Portable apparatus

   (1) Every flexible wire for portable apparatus shall be connected to the system either by efficient permanent joints or connections or by a properly constructed connector.

   (2) In all cases where the person handling portable apparatus or pendant lamps with switches would be liable to get a shock through a conducting floor or conducting work or otherwise if the metal-work of the portable apparatus became charged, the metal-work must be efficiently earthed; and any flexible metallic covering of the conductors shall be itself efficiently earthed and shall not itself be the only earth connection for the metal of the apparatus and a lampholder shall not be in metallic connection with the guard or other metal-work of a portable lamp.

   (3) Any portable apparatus and its flexible wire shall be controlled by an efficient means suitably located and capable of cutting off the supply, and where the voltage exceeds low voltage the metal-work shall be efficiently earthed independently of any flexible metallic cover of the conductors and any such flexible cover shall itself be independently earthed.

   (4) No portable hand lamp and no portable hand tool shall be used unless the lamp or tool and every part of its flexible wire is working at a voltage normally not exceeding 110 volts and the maximum voltage between any conductor of the lamp or tool or flexible wire and earth does not normally exceed 110 volts direct current or 55 volts alternating current.

   (5) The chief inspector may, by certificate, exempt from any of the provisions of subregulation (2) any class or type or description of portable hand lamp or portable hand tool to which he is satisfied that the application of such provision would be inappropriate or unnecessary; any such exemption may be unqualified or may be subject to such conditions as may be contained in the certificate.

18.   General arrangement of switchboards

   The general arrangement of switchboards shall, so far as is practicable, be such that-

   (a)   all parts that may have to be adjusted or handled are readily accessible;

   (b)   the course of every conductor may where necessary be readily traced;

   (c)   conductors not arranged for connection to the same system are kept apart, and can, where necessary, be readily distinguished;

   (d)   all bare conductors are so placed or protected as to prevent danger from accidental short circuit.

19.   Switchboards having exposed bare conductors

   (1) Every switchboard having bare conductors normally so exposed that they may be touched shall, if not located in an area or areas set apart for the purpose, where necessary be securely fenced or enclosed.

   (2) No person except an authorized person, or a person acting under his immediate supervision, shall have access to any part of an area so set apart.

20.   Placing of switchboard apparatus, etc.

   All apparatus appertaining to a switchboard and requiring handling shall, so far as is practicable, be so placed or arranged as to be operated from the working platform of a switchboard, and all measuring instruments and indicators connected therewith shall, so far as is practicable, be so placed as to be observed from the working platform; if such apparatus is worked or observed from any other place, adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent danger.

21.   Switchboard working platforms and passage-ways

   (1) At the working platform of every switchboard and in every switchboard passage-way, if there are bare conductors exposed or arranged to be exposed when live so that they may be touched, there shall be a clear and unobstructed passage of ample width and height, with a firm and even floor, and adequate means of access free from danger shall be provided for every switchboard passage-way.

   (2) The following provisions shall apply to all such switchboard working platforms and passage-ways-

   (a)   those constructed for low voltage and medium voltage switchboards shall have a clear height of not less than two and a half metres and a clear width measured from bare conductor of not less than one metre unless the bare conductors, whether overhead or at the sides of the passage-way, are otherwise adequately protected from danger by divisions or screens or other suitable means;

   (b)   those constructed for high voltage and extra high voltage switchboards, other than operating desks or panels working solely at low voltage, shall have a clear height of not less than three metres and all conductors shall be so screened or guarded that they cannot be touched accidentally and the passage-way shall have a clear width of not less than one metre measured from such screening or guarding; and

   (c)   bare conductors shall not be exposed on both sides of the passage-way unless-

      (i)   in the case of conductors on either side being at high voltage or extra high voltage, the conductors on both sides are so screened or guarded that they cannot be touched accidentally; and

      (ii)   the clear width of the passage is, in the case of low voltage, not less than two metres between bare conductors, and, in the case of high voltage and extra high voltage, not less than three metres measured between the screening or guarding.

22.   Switchboards for high voltage or extra high voltage

   In every switchboard for high voltage or extra high voltage-

   (a)   every high voltage and extra high voltage conductor within reach from the working platform or in any switchboard passage-way shall be so placed or protected adequately as to prevent danger;

   (b)   the metal cases of all instruments working at high voltage or extra high voltage shall either be earthed or completely enclosed with insulating covers;

   (c)   all metal handles of high voltage or extra high voltage switches, and, where necessary to prevent danger, all metal gear for working the switches, shall be earthed; and

   (d)   when any work is done on any switchboard for high voltage or extra high voltage, the switchboard shall be made dead unless-

      (i)   the section of the switchboard on which the work is done (hereinafter referred to as "the relevant section") and every other section which is live is either-

         (aa)   so separated from the relevant section by permanent or removable divisions or screens as not to be a source of danger to persons working on the relevant section; or

         (bb)   in such a position or of such construction as to be as safe as if so separated as aforesaid; or

      (ii)   the switchboard itself is so arranged as to secure that the work is done without danger without taking any of the precautions aforesaid.

23.   Protection of high voltage and extra high voltage apparatus

   All parts of generators, motors, transformers or other similar apparatus, at high voltage or extra high voltage, which are within reach from any position where a person employed may require to be, shall so far as is practicable be so protected as to prevent danger.

24.   Precautions against accidental charging above normal working voltage

   Where a high voltage or extra high voltage supply is transformed for use at a lower voltage, or energy is transformed up to above low voltage, suitable provision shall be made to guard against danger by reason of the lower voltage system becoming accidentally charged above its normal voltage by leakage or contact from the higher voltage system.

25.   Precautions against accidental charging of metal

   Where necessary to prevent danger, adequate precaution shall be taken either by earthing or by other suitable means to prevent any metal other than the conductor from becoming electrically charged.

26.   Precautions against accidental charging of apparatus

   Adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent any conductor or apparatus from being accidentally or inadvertently electrically charged when persons are working thereon.

27.   Provision of insulating stands or screens

   Where necessary to prevent danger, insulating stands or screens shall be provided and kept permanently in position, and shall be maintained in sound condition.

28.   Provision and use of portable insulating devices

   Portable insulating stands, screens, boots, gloves or other suitable means shall be provided and used when necessary to prevent danger, and shall be periodically examined by an authorized person.

29.   Safe working space and means of access

   Adequate working space and means of access, free from danger, shall be provided for all apparatus that has to be worked or attended to by any person.

30.   Lighting

   All those parts of premises in which apparatus is placed shall be adequately lighted to prevent danger.

31.   Protection against exposure

   All conductors and apparatus exposed to the weather, wet, corrosion, inflammable surroundings or explosive atmosphere, or used in any process or for any special purpose other than that for lighting or power, shall be so constructed or protected, and such special precautions shall be taken as may be necessary to prevent danger in view of such exposure or use.

32.   Only authorized and competent persons to undertake certain work

   (1) No person except an authorized person or a competent person acting under his immediate supervision shall undertake any work where technical knowledge or experience is required in order to avoid danger and no person shall work alone in any case in which the chief inspector directs that he shall not.

   (2) No person except an authorized person, or a competent person over the apparent age of 21 years acting under his immediate supervision shall undertake any repair, alteration, extension, cleaning or such work where technical knowledge or experience is required in order to avoid danger, and no one shall do such work unaccompanied.

   (3) Where a contractor is employed, and the danger to be avoided is under his control, the contractor shall appoint the authorized person, but if the danger to be avoided is under the control of the occupier, the occupier shall appoint the authorized person.

33.   Instructions as to treatment for electric shock

   Instructions on Form LDF 47, obtainable from the chief inspector, as to the treatment of persons suffering from electric shock shall be affixed in all premises where electrical energy is generated, transformed or used above low voltage; and in such premises or classes of premises in which electrical energy is generated, transformed or used at or below low voltage as the chief inspector may direct; occupiers and contractors shall ensure that authorized or competent persons employed by them are conversant with these instructions.

34.   Construction, etc. of substations

   Every substation shall be substantially constructed and shall be so arranged that no person other than an authorized person can obtain access thereto otherwise than by the proper entrance, or can interfere with the apparatus or conductors therein from the outside; and shall be provided with efficient means of ventilation and, except in the cases of open air substations, be kept dry.

35.   Control of substations

   Every substation shall be under the control of an authorized person, and no one but an authorized person or a person acting under his immediate supervision shall enter any part thereof where there may be danger.

36.   Means of access to substations

   Every underground substation not otherwise easily and safely accessible shall be provided with adequate means of access by door or trapdoor, with a stair case or ladder securely fixed and so placed that no live part of any switchboard or any bare conductor shall be within reach of a person thereon:

   Provided, however, that if-

   (a)   any person is regularly employed therein, otherwise than for inspection or cleaning; or

   (b)   the substation is not of ample dimensions and there is therein moving machinery other than ventilating fans or extra high pressure,

the means of access to such substation shall be by a doorway and staircase.

37.   Posting and distribution of Regulations

   (1) A printed copy of these Regulations shall be kept posted in every place in which they are applied, in such a position as to be conveniently read by persons employed.

   (2) A printed copy of these Regulations shall be given by each occupier or contractor to each authorized person or competent person employed by him.

FACTORIES (ABSTRACT OF ACT) REGULATIONS

(under section 55)

(1st January, 1979)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

   REGULATION

   1.   Citation

   2.   Posting of abstract of Act

      Schedule - Abstract of the Act Prescribed under Section 55 by the Minister

S.I. 45, 1974.

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Factories (Abstract of Act) Regulations.

2.   Posting of abstract of Act

   The abstract of the Act required to be posted in pursuance of section 62(1)(a) thereof shall be in the form of the Schedule hereto, together with translation thereof in Setswana.

SCHEDULE
ABSTRACT OF THE ACT PRESCRIBED UNDER SECTION 55 BY THE MINISTER

FACTORIES ACT

Name of Occupier:

Address of Factory:

Industry:

Chief Inspector of Factories,

Labour Officer,

P.O. Box No.

Area Labour Office,

GABORONE

P.O. Box No.

ABSTRACT

Registration

1. Register of factories (s. 7)

   The chief inspector of factories shall keep a register of factories and all such factories shall be issued with certificates of registration.

2. Plans of new factories (s. 10)

   Plans of all new buildings to be used as factories and alterations to existing industrial premises should be submitted through the local authority to the chief inspector of factories for approval.

Health - General Provisions

3. Cleanliness (s. 13)

   Every factory must be kept clean. All inside walls and partitions and ceilings must be kept clean and whitewashed.

4. Overcrowding (s. 14)

   A factory must not be overcrowded. In every workroom at least 10 cubic metres of air space should be allowed for each person working in the room.

5. Ventilation (s. 15)

   Effective and suitable provisions should be made for securing and maintaining, by the circulation of fresh air, the adequate ventilation of the workroom.

6. Lighting (s. 16)

   Every workroom should be provided with adequate and suitable means of lighting whether natural or artificial.

7. Drainage of floors (s. 17)

   In any workroom in which wet processes are carried on, adequate means should be provided to effectively drain the wet off the floor.

8. Sanitary conveniences (s. 18)

   Sufficient and suitable sanitary conveniences, separate for each sex, should be provided for the use of persons employed.

Safety - General Provisions

9. Prime movers (s. 21)

   Every flywheel and every part of a prime mover must be securely fenced irrespective of their position.

10. Transmission machinery (s. 22)

   Every part of transmission machinery must be securely fenced unless it is safe by position or construction.

11. Other machinery (s. 23)

   Every dangerous part of any machine must be securely fenced.

12. Construction and maintenance of fencing (s. 25)

   All fencing should be of substantial construction and should be constantly maintained in position while the machinery is in motion or in use.

13. Construction of new machinery (s. 26)

   New power driven machines must not be sold, let for hire or used unless certain parts are effectively guarded.

14. Vessels containing dangerous liquids (s. 27)

   Fixed vessels, sumps or pits containing scalding, corrosive or poisonous liquids, should be securely fenced unless the edge is one metre above the adjoining ground or platform.

15. Self-acting machines (s. 28)

   No traversing parts of any self-acting machine or material carried on it should be allowed to run within half-a-metre of any fixed structure.

16. Training and supervision (s. 29)

   Persons should not be employed at any machine or process liable to cause bodily injury unless they have been fully instructed as to the dangers likely to arise in connection therewith.

17. Hoists and lifts (s. 30)

   Every hoist and lift should be of sound mechanical construction and be properly maintained. It must be thoroughly examined at least once in every period of six months by an approved person.

18. Chains, ropes and lifting tackle (s. 31)

   Every chain, rope or lifting tackle used for raising persons or goods must be of sound construction and free from patent defect. All lifting tackle in use must be thoroughly examined by an approved person at least once in every period of six months and must not be taken into use for the first time in a factory unless they have been tested and certified.

19. Cranes and other lifting machines (s. 32)

   All parts and working gear of cranes and other lifting machines should be of sound construction, adequate strength and must be properly maintained. A thorough examination of all parts should be made by an approved person at least once in every period of 14 months. A crane or lifting machine must not be taken into use for the first time in a factory unless it has been tested and examined.

20. Register of chains, ropes, etc. (s. 33)

   A register containing particulars of examinations and tests of all lifting gear should be kept in every factory.

21. Safe means of access and safe places of employment (s. 34)

   All floors, steps, ladders, stairs, passages and gangways must be of sound construction and properly maintained. Adequate clear space should be maintained at every machine while it is being used to enable the work to be carried on without risk.

22. Precautions against dangerous fumes (s. 35)

   Detailed precautions are laid down in order to prevent gassing when work is carried out in a confined space at which dangerous fumes are liable to be present.

23. Precautions against explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc. (s. 36)

   Precautions are laid down against explosion for certain processes and welding of containers which hold explosive or inflammable substances.

24. Steam boilers and steam receivers (ss. 37 and 38)

   Every steam boiler and steam receiver must be of sound construction, adequate strength and free from patent defect. Steam boilers and steam receivers and all fittings thereon must be properly maintained and examined by an approved boiler inspector at least once in every period of 14 months or after an extensive repair.

25. Air receivers (s. 39)

   All air receivers must be thoroughly cleaned and examined at least once in every period of 26 months by an approved person and a report made which should be attached to the general register.

26. Prevention of fires (s. 41)

   An adequate and suitable supply of fire extinguishing apparatus should be provided and should be readily accessible in case of fire. Stocks of inflammable substances must be kept in a fire-resistant store or in a safe place outside the building comprising the factory.

27. Safety provisions in case of fire (s. 42)

   Every factory should be provided with adequate means of escape in case of fire and such means should be properly maintained and free from obstruction.

Welfare - General Provisions

28. Supply of drinking water (s. 46)

   An adequate supply of suitable drinking water should be provided and maintained.

29. Washing facilities (s. 47)

   There should be provided and maintained adequate and suitable provision for washing.

30. Clothing accommodation (s. 48)

   Suitable accommodation for clothing not worn during working hours should be provided and maintained.

31. First aid (s. 49)

   A first aid box or cupboard of the prescribed standard should be provided and kept properly stocked with the required medical requisites. A responsible person should be put in charge of the first aid equipment.

Health, Safety and Welfare
(Special Provisions and Regulations)

32. Removal of dust and fumes (s. 51)

   All practical measures shall be taken for the suppression of dust or fumes arising out of any process or plant so as to prevent them from entering the air of the workroom.

33. Meals in certain dangerous trades (s. 52)

   A person must not partake of food or drink in any workroom where poisonous or otherwise injurious substances are used so as to give rise to dust or fumes.

34. Protective clothing (s. 53)

   Employed persons who are exposed to wet or offensive substances should be provided with suitable protective clothing and appliances.

35. Protection of eyes (s. 54)

   Suitable protective screens or goggles should be provided for persons employed while carrying out certain work.

Miscellaneous

36. Posting of abstract (s. 62)

   The prescribed abstract of the Factories Act should be posted in a prominent position in every factory. The abstract and other notices required to be posted under this Act should be in Setswana and English.

37. General registers (s. 63)

   Every factory should keep a general register which should have attached to it the Certificate of Registration of the factory and all other certificates required by the Act.

38. Duties of persons employed (s. 66)

   A person employed must not wilfully interfere with or misuse any means, thing or appliance prescribed in pursuance of the Act for securing the safety, health and welfare of employed persons. He must not wilfully and without reasonable cause do anything likely to endanger himself or others.

39. Deductions from wages (s. 67)

   The occupier of a factory must not make a deduction from wages in respect of anything he has to do or provide in pursuance of the Act.

Administration

40. Powers of inspectors (s. 69)

   Inspectors of factories have the power to enter and inspect factory premises at all reasonable times by day or by night. They may exercise such powers as may be necessary for carrying the Act into effect, including the power to take samples. Any person who obstructs an inspector of factories in the execution of his duties under the Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a penalty.

FACTORIES (SANITARY ACCOMMODATION) REGULATIONS

(under section 55)

(1st January, 1979)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

   REGULATION

   1.   Citation

   2.   Application

   3.   Interpretation

   4.   Provision of sanitary conveniences

   5.   Lighting, ventilation and siting

   6.   Construction

   7.   Access

   8.   Separate conveniences in certain cases

   9.   Where sanitation not waterborne

S.I. 46, 1974.

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Factories (Sanitary Accommodation) Regulations.

2.   Application

   These Regulations shall apply to all factories as defined in section 5 of the Act.

3.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires, "latrine" means a sanitary convenience which is neither a water closet nor a chemical closet.

4.   Provision of sanitary conveniences

   (1) Where females are employed in any factory, and where waterborne sanitation or chemical closets are provided, there shall be at least one suitable sanitary convenience for every 25 females.

   (2) Where females are employed in any factory, and where waterborne sanitation or chemical closets are not provided, there shall be at least one suitable latrine for every 10 females.

   (3) Where males are employed in any factory, and where waterborne sanitation or chemical closets are provided, there shall be at least one suitable sanitary convenience (not being a convenience suitable merely as a urinal) for every 25 males:

   Provided that in the case of factories where the number of males exceeds 100, and sufficient urinal accommodation is also provided, it shall be sufficient if there is one such convenience as aforesaid for every 25 males up to the first 100 and one for every 50 males thereafter.

   (4) Where males are employed in any factory, and where waterborne sanitation or chemical closets are not provided, there shall be at least one suitable latrine for every 10 males:

   Provided that in the case of factories where the number of males employed exceeds 100, it shall be sufficient if there is one such latrine as aforesaid for every 10 males up to the first 100 and one for every 20 males thereafter.

   (5) In calculating the number of water closets, chemical closets or latrines required by these Regulations, any number of persons less than 10, 20, 25 or 50 shall be reckoned as 10, 20, 25 or 50 respectively, as the case may be.

5.   Lighting, ventilation and siting

   Every sanitary convenience shall be adequately lighted and ventilated and shall not communicate with any workroom except through the open air or through an intervening ventilated space and shall be maintained in a clean condition.

6.   Construction

   (1) Every sanitary convenience (other than a convenience suitable merely as a urinal) shall be under cover and so partitioned off as to secure privacy, and shall have a proper door and fastenings.

   (2) Urinals shall be placed or so screened as not to be visible from other parts of the factory where persons work or pass.

7.   Access

   Sanitary conveniences shall be so arranged as to be conveniently accessible to the persons employed at all times while they are in the factory.

8.   Separate conveniences in certain cases

   (1) Where persons of both sexes are employed (except in the case of factories where the only persons employed are members of the same family dwelling therein), the sanitary conveniences for each sex shall be so placed or so screened that the interior shall not be visible, even when the door of any convenience is open, from any place where persons of the other sex have to work or pass and, if the conveniences of one sex adjoin those for the other sex the approaches shall be separate.

   (2) The conveniences for each sex shall be indicated by a suitable notice.

9.   Where sanitation not waterborne

   Where waterborne sanitation is not provided, all other types of sanitary conveniences shall be made and kept flyproof, and shall be cleaned and disinfected as often as is necessary.

FACTORIES (FIRST-AID EQUIPMENT) REGULATIONS

(under section 55)

(1st January, 1979)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

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