NATIONAL CLEARANCE AND SETTLEMENT SYSTEMS: SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION
INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION
(under section 27)
(18th February, 2005)
ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS
3. Application for a certificate of recognition
4. Conditions of recognition
5. Applicant to be incorporated in Botswana
6. Certificate of recognition
7. Investigation of unrecognised system, etc
8. Renewal of certificate
9. Transfer of certificate
10. Surrender of certificate
11. Display of certificate
12. Duties of the management body
13. Constitution of management body
14. Rules and procedure of management body
15. Service level agreement of management body
16. Instructions by Central Bank
17. Settlement services
18. Offence and penalty
S.I. 10, 2005.
These Regulations may be cited as the National Clearance and Settlement Systems Regulations.
In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires-
"acceptable collateral" means unencumbered assets including Bank of Botswana Certificates, Government bonds, treasury bills and such other liquid instruments as may be approved by the Central Bank, pledged by a clearing bank as collateral for advances made by the Central Bank;
"banking business" has the meaning assigned to it in the Banking Act;
"certificate" means a certificate of recognition of a clearance and settlement;
"clearing bank" means a licensed financial institution which participates in a clearing and settlement system; and
"clearance and settlement system operator" means a person contracted to provide specialised services to a clearance and settlement system.
(1) A person who makes an application for a certificate of recognition of a clearance and settlement system to the Central Bank shall do so in Form 1 set out in the Schedule.
(2) An application under subregulation (1) shall be accompanied by an application fee of P10,000.
(3) Companies that were providing payment intermediation services prior to the commencement of the Act may make an application under this regulation within three months of the date of commencement of the Act.
(4) An application under subregulation (3) shall be accompanied by confirmation of membership by a minimum of three financial institutions registered under the Banking Act and conducting banking business.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 3 of the Act, the Central Bank shall not issue a certificate unless it is satisfied that-
(a) the proposed clearance and settlement system concerns the processing of transfer instructions;
(b) the participants of the proposed clearing and settlement system are entitled to conduct the business of payment intermediation;
(c) the business plan proposed in the clearance and settlement system is adequate in terms of volume and values of expected market share; and
(d) adequate risk management safeguards have been put in place to prevent unsecured exposures amongst participants.
The Central Bank shall issue a certificate of recognition under regulation 6 only to companies incorporated in Botswana.
(1) The Central Bank shall, where it is satisfied that an application meets the requirements of section 3 (1) and (3) of the Act and regulations 3, 4 and 5 hereof, issue, to the applicant, a certificate of recognition of a clearance and settlement system in Form 2 set out in the Schedule.
(2) A certificate issued under subregulation (1) shall, unless previously renewed or revoked, expire at the end of a period of 12 months from the date of issue.
(3) Where the Central Bank is not satisfied that the applicant meets the requirements of section 3 (1) and (3) of the Act and regulations 3, 4 and 5 hereof, it shall reject the application and notify the applicant, in writing, stating the reasons for the rejection.
The Central Bank may investigate allegations of-
(a) operating or participating in an unrecognised clearance and settlement system; and
(b) any settlement intermediation in contravention of section 17 of the Act.
(1) A management body may make an application to the Central Bank for the renewal of a certificate that has not been revoked.
(2) An application under subregulation (1) shall be made in Form 3 set out in the Schedule and shall be accompanied by a renewal fee of P10,000.
(3) Where an application for renewal is made after a period not exceeding 12 months after the expiry of a certificate, the Central Bank may renew the certificate subject to the payment of a penalty by the management body.
(4) The penalty payable in accordance with subregulation (3) shall be a sum equal to one quarter of the renewal fee multiplied by the number of periods of three months or less which has elapsed since the date on which the validity of the certificate expired, calculated to the nearest pula.
(5) An application for the renewal of a certificate that expired 12 months or more prior to the application for renewal shall be treated as an application for a new certificate and the provisions of regulations 3, 4 and 5 shall apply.
A management body shall neither transfer nor cede a certificate without the prior written approval of the Central Bank.
A management body may surrender its certificate to the Central Bank by giving the Central Bank 90 days notice, in writing, of its intention to voluntarily cease operating a clearance and settlement system.
(1) A management body shall display, in a prominent place on its business premises, the certificate.
(2) A management body that contravenes subregulation (1) shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding P500 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.
A management body shall-
(a) submit debit and credit obligations, in respect of its participants, to the Central Bank, together with an electronic schedule of the individual gross payment details constituting net payment obligations;
(b) notify the Central Bank of any changes in the shareholding or ownership structure of its clearance and settlement system operator including any direct or indirect shareholding or other interest of any financial institution registered in Botswana;
(c) maintain acceptable collateral with the Central Bank in the form of sufficient balances in the clearing accounts or holding of other liquid instruments;
(d) submit monthly statistical reports to the Central Bank on the last day of each calendar month;
(e) submit to the Central Bank its constitution, rules and procedure and service level agreements; and
(f) follow any instructions issued under regulation 16.
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